75 Years Of Indian Independence, Only 9 More For SDGs 2030
India’s Human Development Index is 131, and Social Progress Index rank is 163 out of 177. This shows that India still has a long way to go before all citizens can access a decent standard of living and opportunities.
India’s Human Development Index is 131, and Social Progress Index rank is 163 out of 177. This shows that India still has a long way to go before all citizens can access a decent standard of living and opportunities. Freedom from disadvantages caused by lack of basic and higher needs of the people is the true meaning of Independence. As a founding U.N. member, an emerging economy and market, and the second most populated country in the world, India’s progress in important human development parameters impacts that of the whole world. Let us examine where India stands on four key parameters. Health (SDG 3)
Health (SDG 3) is a crucial parameter for judging a country’s human development. The recent COVID-19 pandemic waves exposed the fragility and exploitative nature of the healthcare system in India.
- India’s Universal Health Coverage Index: 55 (China 79, UK 87, USA 84)
- Domestic expenditure on health is 3.4% (China 8.9%, UK 19.2%, USA 22.5%)
- Only 58% rural and 62% urban children fully immunized (8 vaccines)
- Only 11% eligible population fully vaccinated against COVID-19
- Rural CHC’s have 38% shortfall, PHC’s have 29% shortfall of doctors
- Less than 300 public medical colleges nationwide (247)
- World Press Freedom Index: India ranked 142nd out of 180 countries in 2021 and 2020. This rank was 133 in 2016.
- Democracy Index 2020: 53rd rank out of 167 countries, scored 6.61 in 2020 as against 27th rank. India’s score was 7.92 in 2014.
- USCIRF: India recommended among “Countries of Particular Concern” (CPC) in 2020 and 2021 in U.S. bipartisan advisory body’s report on religious freedom internationally.
- 20% Indians were poor in 2012 (World Bank)
- Credit Suisse Research Institute’s Global Wealth Report, 2016: India 2nd most unequal country in the world, 1% population holds 58% of the total wealth.
- 50.1% Indians use wood as their primary cooking fuel
- Covid-19 lockdowns increased poverty by 23 crore people. Rural and urban poverty increased by 15% and 20% (Azim Premji University)
- Number of poor increased from 6 crore to 13.4 crore in the first pandemic wave, (Pew Research Centre).
- India added 6.2 crore food insecure people between 2014 to 2019 as reported by State of Food Security and Nutrition in The World (SOFI)
- 2021: More than 9.2 lakh children severely acute malnourished in India (government)
- India’s literacy rate has improved from last Census. It went from 74.04% to 77.7% overall, but the gender gap in literacy has narrowed by only 2.28%
- UNICEF, 2021: 1.5 million schools closed, 24.7 crore children affected in India due to the pandemic and lockdowns
- In 2017, Only 5.7% of rural Indians were graduates and above, compared to 21.7% urban Indians (NSO 2017-18)
- Women’s representation falls with rise in qualification level. For those who have enrolled, 31.9% rural and 26.7% urban women left education for domestic work.
- 12.4% rural and 15% urban women drop education for marriage
- Digital disparity: 23% and 4% of urban and rural households have computers. Computer and internet skills are lower in rural India and for women.