School Dropout Rates On The Rise
New figures presented in the Lok Sabha show that in the BJP-ruled state of Assam, 27.6% students of Std IX and X were dropping out in 2016-17 but this number rose to 33.7% in 2017-18. This means that every third student is dropping out of school and leaving education mid-way by the time she reaches Std IX and/or X. The education model of capital Delhi is praised to the skies but here, too, the school dropout rate has increased. In the year 2016-17, 10.8% students dropped out of school and this figure increased to 17.5% in 2017-18. In Madhya Pradesh, in 2017-18, while 24.2% students left studies before reaching Std X, this figure was 23.8% in 2016-17. In Tamil Nadu, the school dropout rate was 10% in 2016-17 but it rose to 16.2% in 2017-18. In Punjab, 12.4% students dropped out of school in 2017-18, while this figure was 8.6% in 2016-17. The situation is dire in Haryana too, where the school dropout rate was 13.4% in 2017-18 while in 2016-17, this figure was 12.2%. There is not much improvement in the situation in Odisha as well. Over here, in 2017-18, 28.3% students dropped out of school in Std IX and X, while in 2016-17, this figure was 28.9%. There has been a marginal improvement in Bihar but the dropout rate here is still very high. Here, 39.7% students were dropping out in Std IX and X in 2016-17, which reduced to 32% in 2017-18. Similarly, the school dropout rate in Tripura in 2017-18 was 27.2%, while in 2016-17, it was 29.8%. In Chhattisgarh, in 2017-18, 21.4% students dropped out of school; this figure was 24.2% in 2016-17. In Gujarat, in 2016-17, 24.1% students left studies incomplete but in 2017-18, this figure reduced to 20.6%. According to the HRD Ministry, among the main reasons for students dropping out of schools are poverty, physical handicaps/disabilities, preoccupation and inability to understand the importance of education. The Right to Education Act was implemented during the second term of the Dr Manmohan Singh government. This Act makes provisions for free education for all children between the ages of six and 14. Under this Act, the government provides for setting up new schools, free uniforms and books for students, mid-day meals, travel allowance and other facilities. Its aim was to ensure that no student is deprived of education. However, the new figures presented in the Lok Sabha will deal a huge blow to the central government’s Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for All Movement).
Despite the #RighttoEducation being implemented, #children are now dropping out of schools in large numbers by the time they reach Std X in many states, according to the #HRDMinistry@RaGa_reports #dropouts #schooldropout— GoNewsIndia (@GoNews_India) February 4, 2020
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