RRB Candidates protest: Unemployment Rose Over 5 Years In Poll Bound States!

by GoNews Desk 2 years ago Views 2113

Unemployment rate ssembly Poll Bound States RRB Bi
The agitation by RRB candidates and students in Bihar is picking up momentum. Today, on January 28th 2022, the candidates for Group-D examinations in Bihar have called for a Bihar Bandh, i.e., a shutdown in the state. An alliance of political parties including Rashtriya Janata Dal (RLD), Congress, Communist Party of India (CPI), and CP (Marxist). Along with opposition parties, even members of the ruling alliance in Uttar Pradesh, such as the Hindustan Awam Morcha (HAM), and Vikassheel Insaan Party (VIP).

Alleging discrepancies in the recruitment process for Railway jobs, students have jammed roads and highways in protest. In order to placate the protestors, the Railway Minister has constituted a committee, which has been rejected by the candidates. They say that the committee has been constituted only for electoral purposes in view of the upcoming elections “after which they [government] will do whatever they want”.

Unemployment In Poll-Bound States!

If we see the situation of unemployment over the past five years in in four of the five poll-bound states this year: Goa, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Punjab, wesee that the rate of employment has gone down. In these states where elections are due, the rate of employment in the period of September- December was lower in 2021 than that in 2016.

In the same period, the working age population (15+) seeking work increased.


In Goa, between September and December 2016, the working age population was  1,229,000 of which 606,000 people were working. This means that the Employment Rate was 48.31%. Whereas during the same period In 2021, the working age population increased to 13.13 lakh (13,13,000) , of which only 420,000 got employment.  

This means that the employment rate fell form 48.31% to 32%. In other words, the BJP created zero employment, and even those who had jobs ended up losing them.

Uttar Pradesh

This is the biggest state in the country in terms of population, and the levels of unemployment are also commensurate with this. In the past five years discussed above, the working age population grew from 14.95 crore (149,570,000) to 17.01 crore (170,730,000). This means that the employment rate has fallen from 38.5% in 2016 to 32.97% in 2021.

This shows that unemployment was on th e rise in Uttar Pradesh in the tenure of the Yogi Adityanath government.


This state has seen the ruling BJP go through three chief ministers in its five years in power. Unemployment among you, lack of industry and other occupational avenues, hav often come to the fore along with mass exodus of youth to other states. The working age population in this hill state grew from 80.37 lakh (80,37,000) to 91.41 lakh (91,41,000) from 2016 to 2021 respectively, but the employment rate could not keep up with this ballooning number of youth looking for jobs.

In 2016, there were 32.23 lakh (32,23,000) people employed in the state, which came down to 27.82 lakh (27,82,000) in 2021, which represents a reduction in employment rate from 40.1% to 30.43%.

This means that the available employment shrunk by more than 10% in Uttarakhand over the past five years.


This is the only poll-bond state which is not ruled by the BJP at present. Even Punjab saw a dramatic change of its chief minister, and the employment rate has gone down in this state as well. In September-December 2016 the number of unemployed people was 23.26 lakh (23,268,000) which increased to 25.81 lakh (25,818,000) during the same period in 2021.

Correspondingly, the number of those employed fell. There were 98.37 lakh (98,37,000) employed in 2016 which declined to 95.16 lakh (95,16,000) in 2021, which means that the employment rate fell from 42.28% to 36.68% over five years.

Just like the states mentioned above, Punjab has seen it working age population increase in the face of declining available employment.


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